Ovarian Cysts


Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. While often benign and asymptomatic, some ovarian cysts can cause symptoms and complications that require careful management and treatment. At Electiva, we are dedicated to providing expert care and comprehensive treatment options for women experiencing ovarian cysts.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are common among women during their reproductive years. These cysts can vary greatly in size and type, and while most are harmless and resolve on their own, others can cause symptoms and require medical intervention.

Why Addressing Ovarian Cysts Is Important

Understanding and managing ovarian cysts is crucial because they can affect fertility, cause significant pain, and in rare cases, lead to serious health issues like ovarian torsion or cyst rupture, which are medical emergencies.

Common Causes of Ovarian Cysts

  • Functional Cysts: The most common type, these cysts form during the menstrual cycle and are typically harmless.
  • Dermoid Cysts: Complex cysts that can contain hair, skin, or teeth; formed from embryonic cells.
  • Cystadenomas: Cysts that develop from ovarian tissue and can be filled with a watery or mucous material.
  • Endometriomas: Cysts formed as a result of endometriosis, where uterine-like tissue grows outside the uterus.

Symptoms to Watch For

  • No Symptoms: Many ovarian cysts don’t cause symptoms and are discovered during routine examinations.
  • Pelvic Pain: A dull or sharp ache in the lower abdomen on the side of the cyst.
  • Fullness or Heaviness in the Abdomen
  • Bloating
  • Painful Intercourse
  • Painful Bowel Movements
  • Nausea and Vomiting, particularly if associated with severe pain.

Diagnosing Ovarian Cysts

Diagnosis involves a combination of physical exams, ultrasound imaging to visualize cysts, and possibly blood tests to evaluate for cancer markers in postmenopausal women or those with complex cysts. In some cases, MRI or CT scans may be used for further evaluation.

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Treatment Options for Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cyst Removal

Ovarian Cyst Removal

If you're experiencing discomfort from ovarian cysts, this procedure can effectively resolve symptoms and prevent potential complications.

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cysts

What exactly are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on or within the ovaries. They are most commonly benign (non-cancerous) and occur as a normal part of the ovulation process; however, some cysts can develop into more serious conditions requiring medical attention.

How do I know if I have an ovarian cyst?

Many ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms and are often found during routine pelvic exams. When symptoms do occur, they can include pelvic pain, bloating, swelling, or pain during bowel movements or intercourse. If you experience sudden or severe abdominal pain, fever, or vomiting, seek medical attention immediately.

Are ovarian cysts cancerous?

Most ovarian cysts are benign and not cancerous. However, a small number of cysts can be malignant, particularly in postmenopausal women. Regular check-ups and monitoring of cysts are important to rule out the possibility of cancer.

What treatments are available for ovarian cysts?

Treatment for ovarian cysts can vary depending on the size, type, and symptoms of the cysts. Options include watchful waiting for small, symptom-free cysts, hormonal contraceptives to prevent the formation of new cysts, and surgery to remove larger or symptomatic cysts.

Can ovarian cysts affect fertility?

Most ovarian cysts do not affect fertility. However, certain types, such as endometriomas (associated with endometriosis), can interfere with fertility. It is important to consult with a gynecologist to understand the impact of cysts on your fertility and discuss possible treatments.

Do ovarian cysts cause pain?

While many cysts do not cause any symptoms, some can cause pelvic pain, especially during menstruation, intercourse, or physical activity. Pain can also occur if a cyst ruptures or causes the ovary to twist (known as ovarian torsion).

What is the follow-up care for an ovarian cyst?

Follow-up care typically involves periodic ultrasounds to monitor the cyst’s size and appearance. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle adjustments or medications depending on the specific nature of your cysts.

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